How Can Sprinkler Irrigation Systems Solve Global Food Problems?

» Posted by on Jul 17, 2018 in Global Food Problems | 0 comments

Irrigation is considered a very important practice in each crop production. In fact, farmers all over the world are aware that proper irrigation is considered the only way when it comes to managing high-quality yield as well as successful production. This is especially true nowadays when there’s a really big threat by harmful effects of climate changes like frost, drought, hail, as well as extreme temperature changes that highly affect the quality and quantity of food that is being produced. 

Global Food Problems 

Aiming to provide enough food for a constantly growing population, the land area that is irrigated is now significantly increasing. Nowadays, only twenty percent of the cultivated land is irrigated that represents around forty percent of the total food that is produced across the globe.  

Aiming to produce enough food for a growing population, the irrigated land area is significantly increasing. Trying to adopt the changes in climate, farmers have already found the most ideal way of using sprinkler irrigation systems. Even though they aren’t very efficient as the drip system, chances are these kinds of systems provide proper uniform water application as well as the possibility to be utilized on any crop and terrain type. In addition to that, sprinkler irrigation systems are also number one in the protection of frost because of the rain-like water droplets application that can help a lot in reducing the stress of plant, which is often caused by cold temperatures. 

Aside from that, sprinkler irrigation systems are also being used for pesticide and nutrient application. In fact, through setting a dependable sprinkler irrigation system, you can be able to: 

  • Reduce the usage of water, fertilizer, and pesticide 
  • Maintain soil productivity 
  • Prevent the erosion of soil 
  • Increase yield quantity and quality 
  • Reduce farm costs 

A sprinkler irrigation is considered as a watering system in which water is primarily applied through sprinklers as well as distributed through the field’s pipelines. This reliable and flexible system also provides a uniform application of water over the entire field. This makes it the most ideal option for maintaining fields, farms, or landscapes. 

It is also very important to emphasize that even though sprinkler irrigation systems are quite sophisticated, the truth is that they also have certain limitations. Typically, the most common ones are sensitivity to wind, groundwater pollution with fertilizer and pesticide residue, high initial cost, as well as salt leaching – these are often consequences of an overhead irrigation system. 

But, despite these kinds of limitations, sprinkler installations have been highly improved lately, most especially in the area of operational activities and effectiveness. As a matter of fact, modern sprinkler irrigation systems have technically advanced controllers for scheduling the water time, high efficient sprinklers or nozzles that help reduce the usage of water, rain sensors that help a lot in preventing watering before or after a rain, as well as freeze sensors that stop watering at very cold temperature. All these certain technological advancements can definitely make a sprinkler irrigation system desirable.   

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